Nature captures carbon through a process called photosynthesis, which occurs in plants and other photosynthetic organisms. During photosynthesis, carbon dioxide from the air is taken in and converted into glucose, a sugar molecule that serves as the plant’s energy source. This process also releases oxygen back into the atmosphere.
Carbon is also captured and stored in soils and oceans through a variety of processes. For example, carbon can be stored in the form of organic matter in soils, where it can remain for hundreds or thousands of years. Carbon can also be stored in ocean sediments, where it can be buried and preserved for long periods of time.
Additionally, carbon can be captured and stored through the process of carbon sequestration, which involves capturing and storing carbon dioxide emissions from industrial processes or burning fossil fuels. Carbon sequestration can occur through various methods, including capturing and burying the emissions in underground storage reservoirs or using them to enhance oil recovery from depleted fields.