Carbon capture technology works by capturing the carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions produced by power plants, factories, and other industrial sources before they are released into the atmosphere. This is typically done by using a chemical or physical process to remove the CO2 from the exhaust gases or flue gases emitted by these sources.
One common method of carbon capture is called chemical absorption, where a chemical solution is used to absorb the CO2 from the exhaust gases. The CO2-laden solution is then heated to release the CO2, which can be captured and stored in tanks or underground geological formations.
Another method is called physical separation, which involves using a membrane or filter to separate the CO2 from the exhaust gases. This method is often used in conjunction with chemical absorption to increase the efficiency of the carbon capture process.
Once the CO2 has been captured, it can be stored in underground geological formations, such as depleted oil and gas reservoirs, or in above-ground storage tanks. The CO2 can then be used for various applications, including enhanced oil recovery, greenhouses, and carbon capture and storage (CCS) projects.
Overall, carbon capture technology helps to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and mitigate the impacts of climate change by capturing and storing CO2 emissions that would otherwise be released into the atmosphere.